Strengthening Capacities with the Mam People for Economic Governance in Water and Sanitation

The "Strengthening Capacities with the Mam People for Economic Governance in Water and Sanitation" program was a joint effort of 5 United Nations organizations, various agencies of the Government of Guatemala, Community Councils for Urban and Rural Development (COCODEs), Municipal Development Councils (COMUDEs), and MANCUERNA (the Group of Municipalities on the upper part of the Naranjo River Basin). Based on several municipal water governance programs that had not yet been implemented at the time of initiation of the project, the objective of the Joint Program was to include the indigenous Mam population in the dialogue between the Government and Civil Society, so that it could have an impact on the municipal policies that guarantee basic water and sanitation services in the region of their communities. The results of this Program were three: the definition and implementation of public water policies by the Secretariat of Planning and Programming of the Presidency and the local authorities of MANCUERNA; the creation of a sustainable model for the management of water services on the part of the local authorities and the Mam communities; and the drafting of a report that presents the analysis of the project, which could be useful for other participatory and decentralized water policy initiatives.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

only backed by a governmental program or policy 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation

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Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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