Community Development Councils
The Community Development Councils are representative bodies for citizen participation through which community members promote coordination between public and private entities; proposing, implementing and evaluating inclusion and development policies; contributing to the delimitation of fiscal policies; informing the community about the management of resources and monitoring the performance of public officials. In Guatemala, there are 12 819 of these Councils, also known as COCODEs (Ramos & Sosa, 2010). They are composed of a community assembly and a coordinating body (chaired by a Community Mayor and a maximum of twelve representatives from the General Assembly). They are part of the Development Council System (SISCODE).
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- democratic innovation yields a binding decision