Community Development Councils

The Community Development Councils are representative bodies for citizen participation through which community members promote coordination between public and private entities; proposing, implementing and evaluating inclusion and development policies; contributing to the delimitation of fiscal policies; informing the community about the management of resources and monitoring the performance of public officials. In Guatemala, there are 12 819 of these Councils, also known as COCODEs (Ramos & Sosa, 2010). They are composed of a community assembly and a coordinating body (chaired by a Community Mayor and a maximum of twelve representatives from the General Assembly). They are part of the Development Council System (SISCODE).

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

embedded in the constitution/legislation 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
democratic innovation yields a binding decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making


How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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