Citizen Audit Program

The Citizen Audit Program is a national policy of participation aimed at the Municipalities, so that each community can assess the democratic quality in order to generate a common agenda and strengthen accountability by the authorities. This program develops a set of mechanisms for consultation and social participation, such as civic forums and citizen audits. These forums and audits carry out fieldwork, which consist of different mechanisms for the diagnosis and evaluation of democratic practices of the community. The program focuses on four axes: Democratic Civic Culture, Citizen Participation in Public Policies, Citizen Treatment and Accountability. The formal instance of completion consists of a Public Hearing in which the forums or groups present proposals aimed at improving the quality of democracy in the Municipality.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

only backed by a governmental program or policy 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
democratic innovation yields no decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation


How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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