The Referendum is a consultation mechanism that allows citizens to vote on the decision on the sanction, reform or repeal of a rule of general scope. In Buenos Aires, this legal institute is mandatory and the result of the vote is binding. The rule that is put to a vote is approved when the affirmative vote obtains an absolute majority of the valid votes cast. The topics excluded from the right of popular legislative initiative, as well as interjurisdictional treaties and legislative initiatives that require special majorities for approval, cannot be submitted for Referendum.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- democratic innovation yields a binding decision