Educational Centers for Total Production

The Educational Centers for Total Production are co-managed agrarian middle schools between the state and organizations of the rural community, such as families, rural workers, guilds and cooperatives. These social stakeholders formed Associations for each educational center. The goal of creating them was to educate young people by encouraging the development and growth of rural villages. To this end, each of the Associations that coordinates the Centers decides, together with the General Directorate of Culture and Education and other bodies (such as the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food), the community, pedagogical, administrative, legal and economic contents from a perspective of strengthening the values of Participation, Self-management and Co-management and of the pedagogy of alternation.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

only backed by a governmental program or policy 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
citizens civil society  
democratic innovation yields a binding decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation


How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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