Nicaragua

Constitutional Open Town Halls

The Constitutional Open Town Halls were assemblies held throughout the country as part of the process of consultation and debate of the Draft Reform of the Political Constitution in 1986, from which the current text (1987) is derived. It was convened by 73 Town Councils in which citizens could present speeches, contribute writing or simply attend and debate. From the contributions the "Fundamental Pillars" of the Republic of Nicaragua were formulated, as stated in the Preamble.

Institutional design

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Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

Formalization
embedded in the constitution/legislation 
Frequency
single
Mode of selection of participants
open 
Type of participants
Citizens  
Decisiveness
Democratic innovation yields no decision  
Co-Governance
yes 

Means


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation

Ends


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Implementation
Policy Evaluation

How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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