Constitutional Open Town Halls
The Constitutional Open Town Halls were assemblies held throughout the country as part of the process of consultation and debate of the Draft Reform of the Political Constitution in 1986, from which the current text (1987) is derived. It was convened by 73 Town Councils in which citizens could present speeches, contribute writing or simply attend and debate. From the contributions the "Fundamental Pillars" of the Republic of Nicaragua were formulated, as stated in the Preamble.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- Democratic innovation yields no decision