Prior Consultation for the Plan for Indigenous and Afro-Nicaraguan Peoples (PPIA)

The consultations carried out for the implementation of the Plan for Indigenous and Afro-Nicaraguan Peoples opened dialogue spaces between governmental entities and indigenous and Afro-descendant populations. This exercise of citizen participation is carried out before developing projects that affect communities, complying with the requirements of the World Bank (as long as the type of projects are financed by the Bank). This process of prior, free and informed consultation is carried out in order to take into account the culture, language, customs and religious beliefs of the community, and to generate broad support for the project.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

only backed by a governmental program or policy 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
citizens civil society  
democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation

How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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