National Commission for Environment and Land Management
The National Environmental and Land Use Planning Commission (Span. CONAMOR) was created in 1990 by Decree 17 and modified in 1996 by Law No. 217. Initially, it was made up of representatives of governmental agencies, one representative of the Association of Biologists and Geologists of Nicaragua (ABEN) and one representative of the Nicaraguan Environmental Movement (MAN). In 1996 it expanded to include representatives from government agencies, two delegates from private enterprise (one from the industrial sector and one from the agricultural sector), two from non-governmental environmental organizations (one representing MAN), one delegate representing labor unions, and one from the National Council of Universities. The law also allows the Commission to invite the participation of representatives of other state institutions or civil society if required. The National Environmental Commission is a forum for analysis, discussion and coordination of environmental policies, which advises the Executive Branch in the formulation and execution of environmental policies and programs.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision