Bambito Encounters

The Bambito Encounters were meetings that took place before the electoral process of 1994. They were organized to consolidate trust in the development of the democratic process and to establish a state agenda around social development issues. Thus, before the elections were held, the Bambito Encounters I and II were organized; and later the Bambito Encounter III. The first meeting was attended by representatives of all legal political parties, the government sector, businessmen and workers, as well as the Catholic Church, the university, and the former presidents Belisario Betancur of Colombia and Julio Sanguinetti of Uruguay. In Bambito III, there was strong representation from civil society, for instance, the Women and Development Forum, APEMEP (Association of Small and Medium Producers) and CONAPIP (National Coordinator of Indigenous Peoples).

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

not backed by constitution nor legislation, nor by any governmental policy or program 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
Citizens Civil Society  
Democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation

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Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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