National Transparency Council
The National Transparency Council was a consultative and advisory organization of the Executive Body for public policies on transparency and the prevention of corruption. It was created by Decree in October 2004, in response to demands for citizen oversight after the increase of bad practices that created opportunities for corruption, and in compliance with the International Conventions against Corruption as ratified by Panama. It was in operation until 2007.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- citizens civil society private stakeholders
- democratic innovation yields a binding decision