Health, Environment and Fight against Poverty Project (SMALP-Chorrillos)

The Health, Environment and Fight against Poverty Project (SMALP-Chorrillos), formulated in 1991 and in progress until 1995, was a process to collaborate on and to promote the activities in the area of Health and Sanitation in the district of Chorrillos. In a cholera outbreak scenario, a group of representatives of various local committees took over the task of redefining and reorienting health management by incorporating direct community representatives and formulating health policies in a participatory manner. For this, they convened working groups and developed a participatory co-management plan. It represented an antecedent in the conformation of spaces of agreement in the field of health, where it had great repercussion.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

only backed by a governmental program or policy 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
citizens civil society  
democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation

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Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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