National Open Government Action Plans
The Uruguayan government committed itself to as many countries in the world with the objective of creating an "Open Government". To achieve the implementation of this program in the country, there are already three "National Action Plans of Open Government", the last one for 2016-2018. The plans contain government initiatives related to citizen participation, transparency, accountability and the improvement of public services. The plans were made with the participation of civil society, mainly through the "Working Group" that takes the whole process of the plan forward. It is in charge of the Government of Electronic Government and Information Society and Knowledge of Uruguay (AGESIC) and brings together representatives of ministries and state agencies: in the first phase a representative of civil society; and in the second phase the participants at the request of civil society. The main stakeholder on behalf of civil society is the Open Government Network, which unites several organizations. The process has UNESCO as an observer. For the first plan there was already an online public consultation, which was repeated twice for the second plan. The first was to comment on the projects that were included in the plan and the second to comment on the draft plan. In addition, as of the second plan, "Roundtables" were convened with representatives of the government, civil society and academia. The talks continue during the development of the plan to monitor and give new inputs. The working group established a method of monitoring the implementation of the plan, so that the boards, which were consultative (non-binding), are really useful and that the contributions are considered and valued by the relevant government actors.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- only backed by a governmental program or policy
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- Citizens Civil Society Private stakeholders
- Democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision