Venezuelan Prison Observatory
The Venezuelan Observatory of Prisons is a non-governmental organization created in 2002, which engages in observatory missions of the penitentiary system. Members are academics and experts in the field. This organization monitors the compliance and respect for human rights in prisons in Venezuela. The body issues semiannual, annual and thematic reports on the state of the Venezuelan penitentiary system, as well as recommendations for the promotion of human rights.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- not backed by constitution nor legislation, nor by any governmental policy or program
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- citizens civil society
- democratic innovation yields no decision