Venezuelan Observatory of Women's Human Rights
The Venezuelan Observatory for the Human Rights of Women is an entity that brings together more than 40 women's organizations in Venezuela. It became active in 2006 and followed the monitoring objectives for the fulfillment of Human Rights of women. The Venezuelan State established these in the 1999 Constitution, through established International and Regional Human Rights Treaties and Conventions. In particular, they focus on the commitments made by the Venezuelan State as a State Party to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. It is organized around 7 working modules: citizenship and political rights; violence against women; education and sexual stereotypes; economy and employment; sexual and reproductive health; prostitution and trafficking of women and children; institutions and public policy. Among its main objectives is the monitoring and evaluation of the fulfillment of these rights in the public sphere, as well as to influence and participate in spaces of political decision-making.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- not backed by constitution nor legislation, nor by any governmental policy or program
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields no decision