National Dialogue: "Productive Bolivia"

The National Dialogue 2004 ?Productive Bolivia? had the participation of rural and indigenous organizations, farmers, and trade unions. It aimed to define Bolivia's Comprehensive Productive Strategies. The Dialogue consisted in 53 pre-dialogues, 314 local roundtables and nine regional roundtables, which sought to include aspects of the municipal, departmental and national realities; in addition to the rural and urban areas, taking into account their autonomy, traditions, and customs. As a result, eight national priorities were established, as well as initiatives and proposals for cross-cutting social themes such as health, education, justice, gender, and regulatory and fiscal reforms. There were 567 participants in total: 470 lead speakers and 97 observers.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

only backed by a governmental program or policy 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
citizens civil society  
democratic innovation yields a binding decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation

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Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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