The Vigilance Committees were a participatory body organized at the municipal level. They were created in the framework of the Law of Popular Participation in 1994 and were replaced by mechanisms of social control in 2013. During its operation period, each Committee was responsible for facilitating citizen participation, supervision, and control in the social management of the municipality; as well as supporting municipal participatory planning and the formulation or reformulation of the Annual Operational Plan and the Municipal Development Plan.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision