Internet Civic Framework

Marco Civil da Internet was the first online crowd-sourced legislation from Brazil, elaborated collaboratively in 2009 in a partnership between the Ministry of Justice's Secretary for Legislative Affairs and Getulio Vargas? Foundation School of Law using the platform. The draft of the legislation had two phases. The first phase, allowed any citizen or institution to comment on the principles regarding the use of the Internet inspired by the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee ( "Principles for the Governance and Use of the Internet in Brazil". After this input was gathered, the second phase was based on the text of a drafted law and users could comment on the individual articles. During both phases, the team responsible also gathered input on discussion forums and over Twitter through the hashtag #marcocivil and the user @marcocivil. In 2011, the draft bill was sent to the National Congress and received another round of open discussions initiated by its rapporteur Congressmen Alessandro Molon at the e-Democracia Platform (today it is the Wikilegis). Only in 2014 was the bill approved and became Federal Law n. 12.965/2014. Although subsequent crowd-sourced legislations around the world received a greater number of inputs and participation, the Marco Civil da Internet was a breakthrough initiative as it is known worldwide for being the first Internet Bill of Rights, legislating on innovative digital rights, such as network neutrality and establishing openness and multi-stakeholderism as principles for future Internet regulations in the country. The methodology for creating a law for the Internet, on the Internet; that is, openly and collaboratively, has been praised by other policy makers and, especially, by Sir Tim Berners-Lee, the creator of the World Wide Web.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

only backed by a governmental program or policy 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
citizens civil society private stakeholders  
democratic innovation yields a binding decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation


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Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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