National Conferences on Indigenous Health
The National Conferences on Indigenous Health are participatory processes comprised by representatives of the government and society that aim to formulate public policies that promote indigenous health, within the scope of the Unified Health System. Such conferences should be convened by the Executive branch and are preceded by municipal and state level stages. Face-to-face and virtual conferences are also held to increase the number of participants and raise the discussion on public policies, as well as to choose representatives for the conference’s national stage. As a result of the conference, a final document that contains the guidelines for public policies to be implemented by the state is approved. Since its first edition, in 1993, 6 National Oral Health Conferences have been held.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- only backed by a governmental program or policy
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- citizens civil society
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision