National Council of Cities
The National Council of Cities is an advisory, deliberative and permanent collegiate body, and an integral part of the basic structure of the Ministry of Cities. The council was created in 2004 and aims to propose and evaluate guidelines for the formulation and implementation of the National Policy for Urban Development, as well as to monitor its implementation. The council promotes discussions on national urban policies between the different social actors that take part in it – the productive sector; social organizations; non-governmental organizations; professional, academic and research organizations; and unions and government agencies. The council therefore offers a space for negotiation and decision making on policies implemented by the Ministry of Cities, which include the areas of housing, environmental sanitation, transport, urban mobility and land use planning. Since its inauguration, in April, 2004, this council has promoted debates on new policies for environmental sanitation, housing, land subdivision, transportation, traffic and urban mobility. Its actions aim to strengthen municipalities and states by providing information, assisting in institutional development planning and modernizing its administrative structures while defending the principles of democratization and decentralization.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- only backed by a governmental program or policy
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- Civil Society
- Democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision