National Council for the Rights of Children and Adolescents
The National Council for the Rights of Children and Adolescents is a collegiate body, deliberative in character and of equal representation, established by the Statute of the Child and Adolescent in July, 1990. Some of the main issues the council has worked on until now are: the fight against violence and sexual exploitation perpetrated against children and adolescents; the prevention and eradication of child labor and the protection of adolescent workers; the promotion and defense of the rights of indigenous children and adolescents, Afro-Brazilian communities, and children and adolescents with disabilities; the creation of parameters for the functioning and action of the various parts of the guarantee of rights system; and the monitoring of bills related to the rights of children and adolescents in progress in the National Congress. The council is comprised of 28 members, with 14 representatives of the Executive branch - ensuring the representation of the agencies that execute basic social policies - and 14 representatives of national non-governmental entities that act in the promotion and protection of the rights of children and adolescents.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields a binding decision