State Health Councils
The State Health Councils, provided for by Law 8.080/1990, which regulates the Unified Health System, were designed to ensure citizen participation in the development of the public health system in Brazil. The councils are permanent and deliberative collegial bodies that aim to formulate strategies and monitor and oversee the implementation of state health policies, including economic and financial matters, and are comprised of government and civil society representatives.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields a binding decision