Municipal Health Councils
The Municipal Health Councils are considered the main organs of social control in defining health services and the health system. They are public spaces of plural composition and equal representation of the State and civil society, are deliberative and consultative in character, and have the responsibility to formulate and monitor the implementation of the health policies of the Unified Health System (SUS). Their main tasks are: the control of the health budget; the monitoring of funds that come from the Unified Health System (SUS) and federal programs; the participation in the development of goals for health; and the control of the execution of actions linked to health. The councils meet at least once a month and are comprised of representatives of governmental entities (25%), representatives of non-governmental entities (25%) and users of SUS health services (50%).
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision