National Strategy to Combat Corruption and Money Laundering (ENCCLA)
The National Strategy to Combat Corruption and Money Laundering (ENCCLA) was instituted in 2003 by the Ministry of Justice and Public Security, and relies on the participation of more than 70 public administration agencies, the Judiciary, the Public Ministry and civil society organizations. Its members meet every year to decide and agree on the activities to be carried out annually. The planning of these activities is conducted through working groups, and is then discussed in plenary sessions. In 2017, 11 actions were defined, ranging from norm proposals to implementation of actions at regional and municipal level.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- only backed by a governmental program or policy
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision