The history of the Climate Observatory began between 2001-2005 when it was structured as a network of civil society organizations interested in the protection and conservation of the environment in Brazil. In 2008 the group presented the National Plan on Climate Change, which influences and is reflected in the decisions adopted by the National Congress for the text of Law 12187/2009, the Bill for the National Policy on Climate Change. By 2013, the Observatory turns to the generation of data from its monitoring activities in different regions of Brazil and on various activities and their emissions. Since 2015, the Observatory also maintains the Electric Monitor, which allows real-time viewing of the energy sector's emissions, and the MapBiomas, a web platform for monitoring changes in land use that shows the advances of deforestation in protected areas. In addition, they have continued their political activity, pressing for public policies to protect the environment at the national and international levels.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- not backed by constitution nor legislation, nor by any governmental policy or program
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- citizens civil society
- democratic innovation yields no decision