Public Hearings for Regulatory Plans
The Regulatory Plans and related urban development regulations are tools developed by municipal governments to plan and control urban development. Before implementing a regulatory plan or any of its parts, the municipality that intends to do so must call a public hearing to make public the project and any verbal or written observations that neighbors or interested parties may wish to make. To participate in the preparation and implementation of the Regulatory Plan, the canton municipality may create a local administration office, or a commission or board with councilors, administrative plant officials and interested neighbors. However, by 2016, only 37 cantons had a regulatory plan to control their land use and approach to housing and services.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- democratic innovation yields no decision