National Bamboo Project
The National Bamboo Project (Span. PNB) began in 1986 to help prevent deforestation in Costa Rica. The idea was to replace the use of wood with another alternative building material, economical and suitable for a seismic zone. The preparatory phase was a pilot project that gathered experiences from Colombia and Ecuador. In the following two phases, an intensive program of rural area construction was developed, including technical training, massive bamboo cultivation, community and work organization, and environmental advice on technology and production of furniture and crafts for export. In July 1995, the Bamboo Foundation (FUNBAMBU) was established to advise and take charge of the program as a whole, ensuring its viability. By 2016, the construction of more than 2600 houses and the cultivation of 350 hectares of bamboo and a capacity for the construction of 2500 homes per year has been achieved. The project has allowed the planning of a system of community organization, through housing committees for each of the communities, forming groups of beneficiaries who had access to technical advice.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- only backed by a governmental program or policy
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields no decision