Public Hearings of the National Congress
The Public Hearings of the National Congress are public meetings summoned by the Bicameral Commission or by each of the Chambers of the National Congress, to hear the opinion and gather contributions from the citizens regarding specific bills. Any citizen can participate, with the condition that they send their contribution beforehand in writing, which will then be presented orally on the day of the Public Views. This method has been used, for example, for the reform of the Law on Political Parties and for the approval of the National Development Strategy 2030.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- only backed by a governmental program or policy
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- democratic innovation yields no decision