El Salvador

95 Consultation

The 95 Consultation was a deliberative consultation process organized by the Ministry of Education to understand opinions of teachers' unions, parents, students, unions and non-governmental organizations for the purposes of educational reform. The consultation was carried out in four consultative rounds, which encompassed structured dialogues with relevant information for the participants. More than 50 representatives of civil society were in attendance.

Institutional design

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Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

Formalization
only backed by a governmental program or policy 
Frequency
single
Mode of selection of participants
restricted 
Type of participants
Civil Society  
Decisiveness
Democratic innovation yields a binding decision  
Co-Governance
yes 

Means


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation

Ends


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Implementation
Policy Evaluation

How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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