Citizen Law Initiative for Gender Identity
The gender identity law initiative was the product of a process of deliberation among different civil society organizations which, in 2009, drafted the proposal. This participatory process was resumed in 2016 and the draft was modified. A year later, it was introduced in Congress by a member of the "Convergencia" (lit. convergence) party, with the support of several activist groups. The law proposes the recognition of equal marriage, of the identity and rights the transsexual population, and of hate crimes based on sexual orientation as crimes of discrimination; in addition, it suggests policy measures for the prevention of bullying of LGBTI youth.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision