Participatory Budget of Montevideo
In 1990 Montevideo was the first city in Uruguay to implement a Participatory Budget (PP), and in the first stage these were closely linked to the decentralization process. Participatory Budgets were part of the so-called "Definition Process for Management Commitments" and connected with other participatory instruments, especially with the Neighborhood Councils. At this time a set of assemblies was held in which priorities were discussed, although these were hardly institutionalized and barely binding. However, it was a process in which the Budget process itself was part of the discussion, allowing for the renewal of the model. In this way, in 2005 an evaluation of the PP was carried out in a participatory process, where new working rules were developed and agreed upon - together with the neighborhood councils. The process now prioritizes the voting element more, and consists of a first phase where citizens can submit proposals, also online. The proposals are evaluated and if they are technically viable they are submitted to the citizens' vote. There is also a process evaluation space with representatives of society at the end of each cycle.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- only backed by a governmental program or policy
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision