?Usted Abusó? (lit. You Abused)

?Usted Abusó? (lit. You Abused) was a project launched in 2012 by the civil association "Leadership and Vision" with the objective of monitoring compliance with the norms that regulated the electoral campaigns of that year in Venezuela. Through a Twitter account and a website, this group called for the creation of a platform for reporting breaches to rules, so that any citizen who witnessed any irregularities could send an anonymous complaint. Complaints had to be accompanied with a photo and a comment; for example, campaign posters, advertising spots or behaviors of campaigners that were contrary to the provisions of electoral regulations. The website team then published the complaint by adding the extract of the corresponding regulation and showing the contravention.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

not backed by constitution nor legislation, nor by any governmental policy or program 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
democratic innovation yields no decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation

How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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