Brazil

The National Council for Human Rights

The National Council for Human Rights is the organ responsible for formulating, coordinating and supervising the national policy on human rights, as well as ensuring that public authorities, services of public relevance and individuals respect those rights. The former council for human rights was transformed into the National Council for Human Rights in June, 2014, by Act 12,986. The act, an old demand of the civil society, aims to guarantee the participation and an open and cross-sectoral debate among the various social actors that defend human rights. The council’s responsibilities include: the promotion of measures necessary for the prevention, suppression, penalization and compensation of conducts and situations that are contrary to human rights - including those provided for in treaties and international acts ratified in the country - and establishing the respective responsibilities; the monitoring of the national policy on human rights, as well as suggesting and recommending guidelines for its implementation; receiving representations or complaints on conducts or situations that are contrary to human rights and establishing the responsible persons or organs; giving recommendations to public and private entities involved with the protection of human rights while setting reasonable deadlines to propose solutions or to justify the impossibility of doing so; giving special attention to areas of higher occurrence of human rights violations, in which representative offices of the council can be installed for as long as necessary; commenting, through resolutions agreed on by the absolute majority of its members, on crimes that should be considered human rights violations of exceptional gravity due to their characteristics and effects in order to monitor measures necessary to their verification, process and trial. The council was comprised of 22 members until 2016, 11 of which are representatives of government agencies and 11, of civil society organizations.

Institutional design

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Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

Formalization
embedded in the constitution/legislation 
Frequency
regular
Mode of selection of participants
restricted 
Type of participants
civil society  
Decisiveness
democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision  
Co-Governance
yes 

Means


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation

Ends


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Implementation
Policy Evaluation

How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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