Participatory Stage of the Constituent Process
The Participatory Stage of the Constituent Process is a government-driven experience that seeks to actively involve the citizens in the process of constitutional reform that is taking place in the country. Every person from the age of 14 can participate in this process, both those living in Chile and those living abroad. The process of participation is carried out through various progressive agencies. First at the local, then provincial, and finally regional level. The majority of the processes take place face-to-face, such as at local meetings, provincial councils and regional councils, but there is also an online participation platform. As a result of these participatory authorities, documents of agreement, partial agreement and/or disagreement are drafted, which will then be compiled at the end of the process in a document called Citizen Bases. Likewise, it should be noted that this process is formally supervised by the Citizens Council of Advisors, who review the agreements and guarantee the impartiality of the process. According to official figures from 2016, there were approximately 100,000 people participating in local meetings.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- only backed by a governmental program or policy
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision