Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council
The Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council was originally created as the National Council of Science and Technology in 1968 and its creation was reiterated in 1991 with the reorganization of the Colombian Institute for the Development of Science and Technology (Colciencias). In its origins, it was established as a permanent organization for direction and coordination of the National System of Science and Technology and as principal adviser of the National Government. However, in 2009, when the level of Colciencias was raised to the National Administrative Department and the National System of Science, Technology and Innovation in Colombia was strengthened (in particular by the inclusion of the innovation component), modifications were also made to the Council. In these modifications, the National Council of Science and Technology became the Advisory Council on Science, Technology and Innovation as a non-permanent organization to advise, not to the National Government in general, but directly to Colciencias. The Advisory Board has a majority participation of the public sector with four Ministers and the director of the National Planning Department, and representatives of academia, the scientific community, the private sector and the regions.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- Citizens Civil Society Private stakeholders
- Democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision