Local Democracy Watch
In 2010 and 2012, the Solidarity Foundation organized public monitoring of municipal administrations, which included 9 municipalities and three other public administrations, such as the Tobacco Institute (INTABACO) or the water administration body (CORAASAN). With the financial support of the European Union, 59 observers from civil society organizations investigated the application of Law 167-07 (regulation of municipal administration), Law 200-04 (transparency of public information), Law 340 -06 (public expenditure), and Law 82-79 (common property). Taking into account the content of these laws, the developed indicators covered aspects of citizen participation, transparency, gender equality, social policy, as well as municipal services and constructions. The detailed results were published in individual reports on the website, and a final report outlined general recommendations and results.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- not backed by constitution nor legislation, nor by any governmental policy or program
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields no decision