FPANJEZ is an initiative that since 1990 promotes a school of children and adolescents with disabilities, in order to enable this group of people better living conditions as well as social and personal development. The initiative focuses on the Zaruma canton, where there is a large number of children born with various disabilities due to highly polluting mining activities. In addition, because of the geographic isolation of the region, families face health risks throughout pregnancy, the absence of regular monitoring before and after childbirth, malnutrition, etc. With this in mind, the projects developed by the association are therefore directed towards the balanced development of children, that is to say, physical, psychological and social development, in order to integrate them into the "classical" school system and then into the professional world and general society. For illustrative purposes, it is worth mentioning that in 2012/2013 about 70 children and young people, aged between 1 and 30 years, have benefited from the services provided by FPANJEZ. Registration is free and open to all, with no age limits or conditions linked to the economic resources of each individual. It is estimated that about 5 employees, beyond the contracted personnel and the beneficiaries of the activities, participate in the initiative.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

not backed by constitution nor legislation, nor by any governmental policy or program 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
civil society  
democratic innovation yields no decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation

How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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